Employment vs Exclusion

Does the educative model influence in the access to the labour market?



Mr. Wolfgang Bliem
Project Manager of the Institute for research on qualifications and training of the Austrian economy.


Mr. Stanislav Ranguelov
Coordinator of the Employment and Social Policies and European Social Fund for Spain in the DG of Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission.


Mr. Janne Savolainen
Senior specialist in Employment and Entrepreneurship Department.


Mr. Víctor Roncel Vega
Technical Advisor in the Council of Educational Department of Spain in Belgium


Ms. Marcella Phelan
Assistant Director Planning, Commissioning and Partnerships in Children’s Services Ealing Council. Exyonet Program in the United Kingdom.


Guideline questions of the panel


  1. Why is there “over qualification” in many European Countries?
  2. Is the same to be qualified than to be employable?
  3. When do young people must enter the layout market?
  4. Which is the relationship among academic failure, labor exclusion and social exclusion?
  5. Does the educational model influence in the capacity of young people to find a job?
  6. Why each day are there more young people from middle class that reach socialexclusion?
  7. Why are there more young people that do not work or study? How are we supposed to understand this phenomenon?
  8. Does the society transmit an obligation to be successful really soon, which creates frustration and a loss of expectation for the young people’s future?



The countries that have established systems of apprenticeship or vocational training in secondary education enable a large number of young people to combine their secondary studies with a traineeship. This means an unemployment rate depression as mentioned above (7.2% in Germany and 10.1% in Austria). On the other side there are the countries whose young population prefers to seek an employment after their studies, loosing the permeability between the two processes and resulting in a long-period before accessing the labor market (the aforementioned rates of 49.6% in Spain, and 40.9% in Italy).


Therefore, the earlier the job search begins the more options to consolidate a job with age. Due to the fact that a young person has less experience, less knowledge about the labor market and fewer contacts, the educational and social model that causes a late entry into the labor market or at least in the active employment research brings about a throttle effect in the high rate of youth unemployment.

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